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Indiana Dunes National
Lakeshore preserves over 12,000
acres of sand dunes, wetlands,
forests, and prairie. These are
within a two-hour drive of some
eight million people, many of
whom have never before visited
a National Park. Nearly eighty
years ago Dr. Henry Cowles
began the field trip tradition in
the Indiana Dunes by bringing
his University of Chicago
ecology classes to the area on
the South Shore Railroad. In
1980 nearly 50,000 people
followed in their footsteps,
coming by train, car, bus and
bicycle for Ranger-led field
trips. This guide will orient you
to the opportunities available.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402
• What WeOffer 1
• Park Areas & Facilities 2
• Park Map 8
• Program Descriptions 10
• How to Prepare for a Field Trip 14
• Scheduling a Field Trip 16
What We Offer
Field Trips with a wide
diversity of areas, trails, and
experiences to choose from:
lake and beach, moving and
stabilized dunes, forests,
wetlands, 'living history" at a
turn of the century farm or a
19th-century trading post.
activities designed to fit
the group's interest and the
Special programs for
speaking and disabled groups,
bicyclists and joggers.
stressing sensory awareness
and ecological concepts.
Teacher workshops in
methods and concepts (college
Year-round activities, from
pond studies in ]uly to
cross-country skiing in January.
Seasonal programs such as
Autumn Harvest at the
Chellberg Farm, Winter
Explorations, an historical
Christmas program and Maple
Materials to prepare the
group for their visit: slide/
tape programs, films, puppet
education games and activities,
area descriptions, and
Accessibility by South Shore
Railroad and other mass
ff-site programs for schools
and other groups.
nformation and assistance for
teachers bringing groups on
Park Areas & Facilities
Bailly Homestead — Chellberg Farm
Here you can explore the cultural and natural history of the
Calumet Region. Native Americans lived in the area for thousands
of years. Joseph and Marie Bailly brought their family here in 1822,
establishing a fur trading post. The Swedish immigrants Anders and
Johanna Chellberg started their family farm nearby in the 1870's.
Hiking the Bailly Trail you may visit the buildings of the Bailly
Homestead and Chellberg Farm. They are being restored to their
early 20th century exterior appearance; several are open to the
public. An historic cemetery is located on the trail one mile north
of the farm. Beech-maple climax forest thrives in the moist ravines.
TRAIL LENGTHS: A) V/i miles round trip (includes Bailly
Homestead and Chellberg Farm)
B) 2Vi miles round trip (includes Bailly
Homestead, Chellberg Farm, and historic
PROGRAMS: Forest Fcology, Historic Area, Chellberg Farm,
Autumn Harvest, Maple Sugaring, Indian Program
(primary grades), Christmas Program.
FACILITIES: Restrooms, drinking water, picnic area, indoor
exhibits, trail brochure, handicapped accessibility to
The West Beach area includes examples of many ecosystems found
In the dunes. Here students can encounter a mixed oak forest,
stabilized and moving dunes, blowouts, interdunal ponds,
marshland, disturbed prairie, beach and lake. Several trails are
TRAIL LENGTHS: 1/4 to 3 miles round trip
PROGRAMS: Water Studies, Dune Succession and Ecology,
Forest Ecology, Acclimatization programs.
FACILITIES: Memorial Day to Labor Day: Concession stand,
changing facilities, showers. Late May to Mid-
October: Full restroom facilities, drinking water.
Year-round: Sheltered picnic area, restrooms or
Mt. Baldy is the largest living, or moving, dune in the National
Lakeshore. The trail winds through an oak forest and stabilized
dunes, eventually reaching the Lake Michigan beach.
TRAIL LENGTH: 2/3 mile round trip
PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Dune Succession and Ecology,
FACILITIES: Chemical toilets.
The name Ly-co-ki-we is a Miami Indian word meaning "sandy
ground." The trail begins on 14,000-year-old sand dunes, passes
through wetlands which were once part of a glacial lake, and
continues through an area recently swept by a forest fire. Beyond
this the trail circles over 12,000-year-old dunes, through an oak
forest, and back to the parking lot.
TRAIL LENGTH: Vi to 3Vi miles round trip
PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Acclimatization programs.
FACILITIES: Chemical toilets, picnic area.
Miller Woods is one of the most beautiful areas of the National
Lakeshore, and it borders on a steel mill. Here open oak savannah
grows on sand dunes dotted with interdunal ponds. Stages of dune
succession range through pines and cottonwoods to the foredunes
and beach. The area provides a prime location for discussing the
interaction of industry and the natural landscape.
TRAIL LENGTHS: 1-3 miles
PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Water Studies, Dune Succession
and Ecology and Acclimatization Walks.
FACILITIES: None at Present.
The Visitor Center is the prime location for orientation to the
National Lakeshore. Here your group may see exhibits, an
orientation slide show, films, or other interpretive programs. A short
trail in back of the Visitor Center loops through 12,000-year-old
dunes and provides an ideal location for an introductory hike.
TRAIL LENGTH: 1/3 mile round trip
PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, First Visit to a Park
FACILITIES: Restrooms, drinking water, auditorium, picnic area
(tables only), trail brochure, paved trail,
handicapped accessibility to building and trail.
Cowles Wetlands Area
The Cowles Wetlands area encompasses a variety of environments:
bog, marsh, wooded dunes, and beach. The bog and surrounding
marsh lands were designated a National Natural Landmark in 1965.
In this area Dr. Henry Cowles did some of the first studies in plant
ecology. All trips in the Cowles Wetlands must be accompanied by
a ranger. Croups will not actually go into the bog, but rather will
view it from a distance while exploring the interdunal ponds,
marshes, and wooded dunes of the area.
TRAIL LENGTHS: 2-5 miles round trip
PROGRAMS: Water Studies, Dune Succession and Ecology,
Forest Ecology (high school and older).
FACILITIES: Chemical toilet
Environmental Education Center
The Environmental Education Center is a developing facility. At
present it is available as an indoor classroom space with audio-
visual equipment and work tables, to begin programs or for follow-
up activities. Surrounding woods and marsh invite outdoor
explorations. Self-directed learning centers enable students to
explore and learn on their own.
TRAIL LENGTHS: 7/4 to 2 miles round trip
PROGRAMS: Energy, Winter Explorations, Forest Ecology, Water
Studies, First Visit to a Park, Simulation Games,
Acclimatization Programs, Teacher Workshops.
FACILITIES: Restrooms, drinking water, indoor area for lunches
or meetings, learning center activity areas.
Pinhook Bog is one of the most unique and fragile areas of the
National Lakeshore. Located in a depression of the Valparaiso
Moraine, it is a true "quaking" bog — a sphagnum peat mat covering
what was once open water. The fragile nature of the bog ecosystem
limits access to the area.
TRAIL LENGTH: 1/4 mile round trip
PROGRAMS: Water Studies (high school and older).
FACILITIES: None at present.
Little Calumet River Trail
Accessible from the Bailly-Chellberg trail, the Little Calumet River
trail circles through old fields, a pine plantation, and the Little
Calumet River floodplain. The trail begins near the Bailly
Homestead on Howe Road, crosses the river, and connects with the
Bailly Cemetery trail. This trail provides an excellent opportunity to
study the geology and ecology of the river and adjacent wetlands.
Quiet groups in the early morning or late afternoon can sometimes
TRAIL LENGTH: 3Vi miles round trip
PROGRAMS: Forest Ecology, Water Studies, Indian Program
FACILITIES: Restrooms, exhibits, drinking water, and picnic area
at the Bailly-Chellberg parking lot.
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
IONAL PARK AREAS
TTLE CALUMET RIVEP
SOUTH SHORE RAILROAD
We offer a variety of environmental education approaches, tailored
to suit the needs of the group and the educational objectives for
that program. Students will participate in learning activities, explore
their environment through many senses, and learn how to enjoy an
area without destroying it. It is important that teachers and group
leaders participate in the programs, and help maintain discipline.
We hope that the group's experience in the Lakeshore will not only
be enjoyable, but also fit into their ongoing educational activities.
Virtually all of our programs can be enjoyed by groups with
disabled individuals. We will work with groups to adapt programs
and provide access.
First Visit to the Park
Our "First Visit" programs are designed especially for pre-school
and 1st graders who have never visited the National Lakeshore,
disabled groups who might find mobility a challenge, and other
groups who desire a general orientation to the park. We begin with
a look at "Special Places" by the National Lakeshore Puppet troupe
and can include a film or slide show. A 1/3 mile trip on a paved
trail (accessible to wheelchairs with assistance) completes the
Dune Succession & Ecology
The Indiana Dunes has a long history of being an outdoor
laboratory for the study of ecology. Students today follow in the
footsteps of Dr. Henry Chandler Cowles and join Park Rangers for
an investigation of sand dune succession and ecology. The story
begins with the geologic processes that have shaped the land. It
then explores the succession of different ecological communities,
plant and animal interactions, and human impact on the process of
succession. Other elements are the flow of energy in natural
systems and the ways plants and animals adapt to utilize available
energy. We involve students and teachers in learning activities and
sensory experiences. Programs for older students (jr. and sr. high)
can include a quadrat and transect study to investigate the different
Our Forest Ecology program examines the interrelationships
between forest denizens and their environment. We investigate the
"web of life" — a network of living and non-living things powered by
the sun. Students learn how the sun's energy passes from green
plants to plant eaters to meat eaters to the soil and back into plants.
Other influences on forest life (fire, human use, etc.) will also be
Visit an Historic Area
People have lived in this area for a long, long time. The first
inhabitants, Native Americans, were followed by fur traders,
farmers, merchants and industrialists. Each group has left their
distinct mark. An historic area visit will look at the way each group
interacted with the land, what they took from it, and what they
gave back. Students will handle historic artifacts and reproductions,
and visit a log cabin or barn. On special arrangement the group can
meet a costumed interpreter who will bring historical characters to
life and allow the children to play the roles of the people that came
Visit a Turn-of-the-Century Farm
Windmills and firewood for power, no blow-dryers or TV, toys made
of wood, a 2-mile buggy ride to town, no supermarkets or fast food!
All of these were aspects of life at the Chellberg Farm. Students will
learn about life at a time when necessities came from the land
surrounding their home. They will be able to compare turn-of-the-
century farm life to life today. A program will involve students in
various activities: a barn-raising using a mini barn model, farm
chores including planting, weeding, plowing, feeding and
watering animals, making folk toys, or playing old-time children's
games. Energy is also an important topic at the Chellberg Farm.
Students will look at the use of wind and sun power as well as the
power supplied by humans and animals.
A variety of activities and media explore the world of energy. We
look at energy flow through natural and built environments, plant
and animal adaptations, and the laws of thermodynamics. Programs
are based at the Environmental Education Center, and are adapted
for all ages.
The National Lakeshore has a variety of water resources available to
study: Lake Michigan, interdunal ponds, the Little Calumet River,
marshes and bogs. A water study program can include water quality
testing, exploring plant and animal communities, investigating
human impact on water resources, and sensory explorations. The
role water plays in the total environment will be an important part
of any water study, as will the water cycle and plant and animal
adaptations to wet environments. Program participants should be
prepared fully to participate (get wet and/or muddy).
Who were the native people in this area? What was their life like?
How did they survive? Where are they now? These are some of the
questions that will be addressed in our Indian programs. While
hiking through areas where the Potawatomi once lived we will
explore the lifestyle of the Indians, their origin, customs, ways of
adapting to the environment, and their dealings with the fur-traders
and other non-Indians. Students will play Indian games and look at
Indian artifacts and replicas. We hope that students will come away
from this program more aware and appreciative of those who came
before us, and perhaps motivated to more gently "touch the earth"
in their daily lives.
"Acclimatization is a program which helps people of all ages
build a sense of relationship — in both feelings and
understandings — with the natural world."
— Acclimatization Experiences Institute
Acclimatization programs help students get in touch with their
world through participation in carefully planned activities. We offer
ACC Walks and Concept Paths. ACC Walks are enjoyable ways of
reawakening individual senses and sharpening perceptions. Concept
Paths focus upon discovering ecological concepts such as
succession, diversity, adaptation and energy flow. Both programs
are available at several areas within the Lakeshore.
Simulation activities are available for upper elementary and high
school-age groups; they can be done either at the Environmental
Education Center or off-site. Simulations allow full participation,
intensive interaction within small groups, development of problem
solving skills, and peer presentations. The elementary-age activity
involves park planning and land use, while the activity for older
students weighs land use alternatives and environmental decision
making. Three to four hours are needed for either activity.
Special seasonal programs are offered throughout the year. They
include: an historical Christmas program (Dec), Winter Explorations
(Jan. and Feb.), Maple Sugar Time (March) and the Autumn Harvest
(Oct.). We explore 19th-century French and Swedish holiday
customs in the pre-Christmas programs at the Bailly Homestead and
Chellberg Farm. Winter Explorations include investigations of
animal tracks, winter adaptations, and snow studies. A special
option for 5th and 6th graders is cross-country skiing. The regular
program will be conducted on skis after an instructional session at
the school. Maple Sugar Time allows students to investigate the
process of making maple syrup and sugar from sap, at the Chellberg
Farm. The Autumn Harvest, also at the Chellberg Farm, involves
students in some of the harvest time activities on a turn-of-the-
century farm. All seasonal programs are made by special
arrangement; detailed descriptions and scheduling information are
available on request.
How to Prepare for a Field
Preparation is vital for a successful and enjoyable field trip.
Research has shown that well-prepared students can learn more and
behave better. If you schedule a ranger-led activity you will receive
a pre-site packet which will help you to prepare your students for
your specific program. One general aid in preparation is integrating
the field trip with on-going classroom activities:
• Make it part of a unit of study; language arts, fine arts and social
studies as well as science can be taught on field trips.
• Involve your students in planning what to wear and bring.
• Study the area you will visit; look at pictures, discuss the trails,
plan to look for specific things on the trip.
• Tell your students the plan for the day; how far they will walk,
when they will eat lunch, what they can expect to be doing.
We also ask the following preparation of every group:
1 . Wear Clothing Appropriate for Outdoor Activities. Jackets or
raincoats are necessary if it is cool or cloudy — especially on
beach programs since lake breezes may be chilling. Platform
shoes and sandals are dangerous and should not be worn. Old
clothing is advised since you will be participating in activities
which require sitting on the ground. Ranger-conducted programs
may have to be cancelled if the group is not safely attired.
2. Drinking Water Is Not Available Along Trails. Bring water for your
group, especially in hot weather, even if you bring other drinks
for lunch. We suggest reusable containers (thermos bottles,
canteens or returnable bottles) for all beverages.
3. Please Try To Be on Time. Rangers can wait only a limited
amount of time for each group. If for any reason you are late or
cannot make the scheduled appointment, please call as soon as
possible. Even if your group is late we may have to end the
program on time. If your group fails to show up at all and has not
cancelled, it may result in withdrawing program privileges for
your group for up to two years.
4. You Will Need to Provide Your Own Transportation. Please be
sure that the drivers know where they will be going and how to
reach the park. Don't confuse the National Lakeshore with the
5. Please Provide at Least One Adult for Every Ten Students. This is
necessary for the safety and supervision of the group. Be sure
that the chaperones are adequately dressed and prepared; they
should be physically able and willing to participate.
6. If Anyone Is Allergic to Bee Stings We Must Know It Before the
Program. Please have them bring their medication and stress that
they, or the group leader, must be able to administer it.
7. Our Programs Usually Include Games and Other Activities. We
ask that group leaders and chaperones participate fully— no
8. Group Leaders Are Expected to Cooperate With the Rangers in
Encouraging the Proper Behavior of the Group. The rangers will
confer with the leaders at the beginning of a program. Extremely
disruptive or unsafe behavior could necessitate the termination
of a program. Leader supervision of students is necessary in all
9. We Are All Responsible for Protecting the Parks that We Use.
Please Discuss the Following Rules with Your Students.
a. Stay on the trail. This helps control erosion by preventing the
destruction of vegetation. Exceptions can be arranged, but
please check with a ranger.
b. Leave the area as you found it, for others to enjoy.
c. Plant specimens or parts of plants may be taken only with
permission. (Exceptions are edible berries and mushrooms for
personal consumption; with these, know what you are eating
and leave some for the animals.)
d. Fires are permitted only in grills and containers. Any coals
must be carried out and disposed of properly.
e. Some properties are still in private ownership. Please respect
f. If you pack it in, pack it out. Receptacles are provided for your
To help the field trip continue into your classroom, post-site
activities are also provided with many programs.
Scheduling a Field Trip
To Come on Your Own With Your Class:
1 . We suggest that you visit the area yourself before bringing your
group. Call us to have orientation information sent to you, or
stop by the Visitor Center.
2. Decide which area to visit and what the themes and objectives
for the trip will be.
3. Call the Lakeshore Visitor Center to let us know which area you
will be visiting and when. If you are bringing a bus you will need
to make reservations to park at many areas.
4. Prepare your class. If you would like pre-site materials please let
5. Teacher workshops are periodically scheduled, to teach
environmental education approaches and techniques. Call the
scheduling office for details; college credit is available.
To Arrange a Ranger-Conducted Activity:
1 . Decide what you want to accomplish with your field trip.
2. Select one or more options for program and area. Have
alternative dates in mind.
3. Call the scheduling office to make a reservation; try to call at
least one month in advance. The office is open from 1-4 p.m.,
Monday through Friday. Approximately two weeks before your
program you will receive a copy of the scheduling form for your
group. The names of the rangers assigned to your program will
appear on the sheet. Feel free to call them to discuss the content
of your program. Please be aware, however, that these
assignments change without notice. Any questions or changes
regarding date, time, meeting place or number of participants
should be directed to the scheduling office. Please bring the
confirmation sheet with you when you come. During the summer
it will be your "admission slip" to many park areas.
Written inquiries or requests for programs should be sent to:
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
1100 North Mineral Springs Road
Porter, IN 46304
Telephone inquiries or reservations should be made with the
Scheduling Office: (219) 926-7561 (from 1-4 p.m., Monday through
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1982-555-165
National Park Service
Department of the Interior